By Erik Hornung, Rolf Krauss, David A Warburton
This quantity offers with the chronology of old Egypt from the fourth millennium until eventually the Hellenistic interval. An preliminary part studies the rules of Egyptian chronology, either historical and smooth, from annals and kinglists to C14 analyses of archaeological info. experts speak about assets, assemble lists of identified dates, and examine biographical info within the part dedicated to relative chronology. The editors are chargeable for the ultimate part which makes an attempt a synthesis of the full diversity of obtainable facts to reach at substitute absolute chronologies. the potential readership comprises experts in close to japanese and Aegean stories in addition to Egyptologists.
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Additional info for Ancient Egyptian Chronology (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch der Orientalistik)
19 The few reigns of the OK that were not corrupted beyond recognition in Manetho seem to be either rounded up or down in comparison to the TC. Hence Manetho’s ﬁgures seem to be based on a tradition with reigns recorded in years and months if not also in days. 16 See below Schneider, Chapter II. 7. Ryholt, Situation, 318. 18 Ryholt, Situation, 70 (Dyn. 13), 94–95 (Dyn. 14). Alternative interpretations have been presented by C. Bennett, GM 159 (1997), 11–17 and J. P. Allen, BASOR 315 (1999), 50–51.
24 For royal and priestly families of this period see Kitchen, TIP; Bierbrier, Kingdom, 45–108, with revisions in Bibliotheca Orientalis 36 (1978), 306–309; G. Vittmann, Priester und Beamte im Theben der Spätzeit (Vienna, 1978); J. Taylor, “A priestly family of the 25th Dynasty,” CdE 59 (1984), 27–57; D. Aston & J. Taylor, “The Family of Takeloth III and the ‘Theban’ Twenty-third Dynasty,” in Leahy, Libya, 131–154. 23 44 morris l. bierbrier From Dyn. 26, the chronology of Egypt becomes ﬁrmly ﬁxed to that of Persia, Greece, and ultimately Rome.
The error might be more signiﬁcant if “Mentuhotep I”, who never actually reigned as king, was assigned a ﬁctitious reign-length. Finally, there is the lacuna referring to Mentuhotep IV and the question of the accuracy of the 7 years ascribed to him in the total for Dyn. 11. There is a certain amount of evidence that several Dyn. 12 kings reigned jointly and that some coregencies could have lasted up to a decade. Yet the scribe who calculated the sums for the individual groups of kings was not aware of (or did not take account of ) the overlapping reigns.