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By James Casey

Drawing on hitherto unpublished resources James Casey explores significant issues in Spanish historiography - the results of the expulsion of the Moriscos (heavily targeted in Valencia within the early 17th century), and how within which the Habsburg Monarchy stored or misplaced regulate over its peripheral provinces. The research levels commonly over questions of inhabitants (including a pioneering try for early glossy Spain at relations reconstitution), landholding and agriculture, exploring the hyperlinks among depopulation and fiscal decline - dual phenomena which characterised the peninsula within the age of Spain's decline. Dr Casey has drawn on various formerly missed assets - parish registers, tithe documents, cadastral surveys - so one can quantify those advancements so far as attainable. the result's a reassessment of the chronology and quantity of monetary recession in a single of Spain's so much fertile provinces, and a revision of a few principles in regards to the significance of the expulsion of the Moriscos.

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It is perhaps interesting to note that 4 of the 7 were widows. 8 per cent in Turis. 8 per cent of births in Denia, for example). In general, the Valencian rates seem to correspond to the picture we have of western Europe as a whole; during the seventeenth century illegitimacy fell to quite low levels among the peasantry, probably because of the greater control exercised by a reformed Catholic and Protestant clergy 1 Bartolome Bennassar, VHomme espagnol: attitudes et mentalites du xvie au xixesiecle 2 (Paris 1975), 149-62.

Burriel de Orueta, La Huerta de Valencia, zona sur: estudio de geografia agraria (Valencia 1971), 261-323. For the similar situation in the Jucar Valley, R. Courtot, 'Irrigation et propriete citadine dans l'Acequia Real del Jucar au milieu du XIXe siecle', Etudes Rurales, 45 (1972), 29-47. Rich and poor 41 gramme. What a contrast with Oliva in 1664 or Muro in 1759! The medium settler evidently failed to hold his own in Habsburg Valencia: this new world quickly became an old world of rich and poor.

Quoted in E. A. Wrigley, Population and History (London 1959), 94. Justa expulsion, 58. 26 The kingdom of Valencia in the seventeenth century 118 likely birth intervals could be calculated for the period 1575-1608. 3 months, somewhat lower than the figure for the Old Christians, but certainly not low enough to confirm Fonseca's impression that the Moriscos were breeding like rabbits. Behind the dry statistics, one senses the fatigue of a peasant population battling with the harsh Mediterranean environment.

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